Art have always be considered a major factor in terms of society evolution and development. Since the beginning of worlds, all civilizations expressed some kind of art, each one customizing the process or the final result according to its beliefs of experiences.
The Jewish art has flourished in the second part of the 18th century and since then the number of artists and popular artworks has increased on a constant basis. Having a look over the Jewish art timeline, you can observe that all its existence can be divided into 5 major time periods, each one dominated by a cultural movement and manifest.
- The Impressionism Root
- Avant-garde Period
- War Slavery
- After War Reconciliation
- Modern Art
The Impressionism Root
Into this period, the Jewish art started to shape itself and become alive. Painters, like Moritz Daniel Oppenhein and Jan Matejko, and sculptors, like Mark Antokolsky, are some of the first ever known Jewish artists that established the bases of, what would become one of the most important art sections in the modern world, the Jewish art.
The blossoming process in which the Jewish art has entered didn’t last, unfortunately, for very long.
Starting with the 19th century, the depreciation and despite towards Jewish has increased into the leading societies, and the art has started to feel severe repercussions upon this fact.
During this period, only a few works are to be known as highly valuable. Among them we can state the following:
- The Steerage
- The Jewess
- The Writer An-sky Reading The Dybbuk in the Home of Stiebel
- Had Gadya
Having already their image underappreciated, the era that was to follow has been the one with the least state-of-arts.
A truly important survivor of this timeframe and a fighter for the Jewish art resurrection was Reuven Rubin, one of the first Israli artists recognized by the international community.
Born in Romania and with studies in Paris, France, his paintings were for a tremendous beauty and convergence. Probably the most important is called Jerusalem, simply called after the painting idea, a panoramic view of the city.
After War Reconciliation
Surviving under very harsh circumstances after the Second World War, the artistic, cultural and social values of the Jews were ripped apart.
The only salvation could come from highly intelligent Jews. People like Mark Rothko succeeded entering in the international world order, and imposed their beliefs and ideologies into the worldwide society.
Having an Abstract Expressionist movement inside their society, the concepts and principles of this manifest were deeply imprinted in each person’s mind. Thus, imposing the cultural and social movement into the worldwide community, the respect, trustiness and consideration was almost regained.
Nowadays, the Jewish art is considered to be of a unique beauty and complexity, one that not many people can understand its principles and concepts.
Among famous personalities and entertainment stars, one person must necessary be mentioned. Declared “the world’s greatest living sculptor”, Richard Serra is one of the most valuable people alive in the 21st century.